Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

Nineteenth-Century Art Worldwide (hereafter NCAW) is committed to ethical publication practices and expects all submitting authors to uphold the standards of publication ethics set out by the Commission on Publication Ethics (COPE). Any case of ethical misconduct will be treated seriously and in accordance with the COPE guidelines. See

Author’s Responsibilities

Authors need to ensure that the submitted manuscript is their own work and is not plagiarized, wholly or in part. They must also make sure that the submitted manuscript is original and not wholly or in part a re-publication of earlier published work. They must acknowledge and provide appropriate citations for the scholarship or contributions of other people and document any citations of unpublished work, such as personal communications. Finally, they must make sure that their submission does not contain fraudulent data.

Authors also are responsible for checking that all copyrighted material in the article is published with permission of the copyright holder, unless usage is clearly within the strictures of fair use as defined by the US Copyright Office, see

Authors must disclose all sources of financial support for their projects and any other financial or substantive conflict of interest that might be perceived as influencing their research and article.

Peer Review Process and Reviewer Responsibilities

NCAW is committed to a double-anonymous peer review process in which both reviewer and author remain unidentified throughout the process. Referees are selected based on the accord of their expertise with the content of the submitted article. Submitted papers are reviewed by at least one but usually two independent reviewers and by NCAW’s editorial staff.

Reviewers are requested to evaluate whether the manuscript is original, methodologically sound, contains new ideas and/or research, and is written in an accessible style. They need to be objective in their judgments and have no conflict of interest with respect to the research. They are expected to point out relevant published work, which is not yet cited by the author and treat the reviewed articles confidentially.

Referees judge each paper based on the following scale: accepted with no revision; accepted with minor revisions; accepted with major revisions; rejected. A decision is sent to the corresponding author, along with recommendations made by the reviewers and the editors. The editors are responsible for the final decision to accept/reject the manuscript.

Authors are entitled to expect that reviewers or other persons privy to the work they submitted to NCAW will not appropriate their research ideas or plagiarize their work.

Editorial Responsibilities

Editors hold full authority to accept/reject an article; insist on publication of corrections or retraction when errors are found; preserve anonymity of reviewers; and have no conflict of interest with respect to articles they accept/reject.

If an editor feels that there is likely to be a perceived conflict of interest in relation to their handling of a submission, they will disclose it to the other editors. The other editors will select referees and make all decisions on the submission. This procedure also applies if an article is submitted by one of the editors, if an article is submitted by an author who is at the same institution as one of the editors, if an article is submitted by an author whose relationship with one of the editors might create the perception of bias (e.g., in terms of close friendship, co-authorship, or conflict/rivalry). In all aforementioned instances, the editor must declare a potential conflict of interest.

Safeguarding of Publishing Ethics

Any complaints or appeals should be addressed directly to the Editors, and they will be handled according to COPE guidelines. In cases of alleged or proven misconduct, fraudulent publication or plagiarism, appropriate measures will be taken to amend the article in question, and in the most severe cases, to retract the affected publication.

All members of the Editorial Board monitor and safeguard the publishing ethics, which are comprised of the strict policy on plagiarism and fraudulent data; the double-anonymous peer review; the commitment to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions, and apologies when needed; and the avoidance of conflict of interest.