Volume 3, Issue 2 | Autumn 2004
Sidlauskas | The Portraits of Hortense

Emotion, Color, Cézanne (The Portraits of Hortense)
by Susan Sidlauskas

This article examines a little-studied but important facet of Cézanne's production: the twenty-six portraits of his wife, Hortense Fiquet Cézanne. Several key images are considered in detail in relation to the intersection of late nineteenth-century conceptions of emotion and Cézanne's experiments with color.

Braddock | Painting the World's Christ

Painting the World's Christ: Tanner, Hybridity, and the Blood of the Holy Land
by Alan C. Braddock
Henry Ossawa Tanner's global vision of Christ circa 1900 projected an ideal of hybridity that embodied the artist's personal resistance not only to racial stereotypes but also to racial thinking as such.

Adlam | The Frisky PencilThe "Frisky Pencil": Aesthetic Vision in Russian Graphic Satire of the Period of the Great Reforms
by Carol Adlam
Russian graphic satires published in the periodical press explored the constitution of the art world in detail, often addressing aesthetic as well as social issues. This article examines how these images interrogated the newly-emerging realist mode in painting in ways which were only later addressed in the written genre of art criticism.

Brennecke | Manet's the Execution of MaximilianDouble Début: Édouard Manet and The Execution of Maximilian in New York and Boston, 1879-80
by Mishoe Brennecke
When Manet's Execution of Maximilian was exhibited in New York and Boston in 1879-80, it elicited the cautious enthusiasm of some critics and artists but was an unmitigated failure with the public. This essay examines Manet's motivations for sending the Execution to America, and analyzes the artistic and political concerns that influenced the painting's reception.

D'Souza | Artistic Impotence Paul Cézanne, Claude Lantier, and Artistic Impotence
by Aruna D'Souza
This essay looks at two key modernist texts—the biographical portrait of Cézanne that emerged at the turn of the 20th century, and Zola's description of anguished creativity in L'Oeuvre—and considers their role in forming a new notion of the artistic persona at the fin-de-siècle. It is a notion, the author argues, rooted in contemporary ideas about degeneracy and the pathologization of genius.

Whitmore | Presentation Strategies Presentation Strategies in the American Gilded Age: One Case Study
by Janet Whitmore
The presentation strategies used by Gilded Age art collector T. B. Walker helped establish a pattern for the dissemination of cultural knowledge throughout the United States.

Terra Foundation Fellowships in American Art
at the Smithsonian American Art Museum
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